One of the oldest settlements in the country, Medford was incorporated as a town in 1630 and as a city in 1892. It is the fourth oldest English settlement in North America and was a center for industry, such as manufacturing brick and tile and building clipper ships. Medford was a site for the Underground Railroad and several residents were committed abolitionists. At the same time, the historic Royall House remains one of the few existing former slave quarters in the Northeast and is known as a significant site in the Revolutionary War. The classic songs, “Jingle Bells” and “Over the River and Through the Woods,” were written by Medford residents, James Pierpont and Lydia Maria Child, respectively.